Mediators of Yahweh’s Rule
Yahweh’s authority is image-less, like Yahweh himself. However, Yahweh is immediately present in conquest, judgment, and law. Israel still had a problem in its history: it could never consolidate. It had land, judgment, and victories (though never absolutely), but it had no stable means of passing it down. Even acknowledging the sacred writer’s criticism of monarchy (1 Sam. 8), it must be acknowledged that monarchy exercised a stabilizing influence when contrasted with the Judges period. Most importantly, monarchy allowed the passing down of the tradition (Land, Judgments, Victories).
Two cities; two rules. Israel and Babylon side by side.
The foreign sword, exile gives Israel a chance to separate from idolatrous connections (84).
Empire is necessarily unstable
The fulfilling of time
Jesus’s words of God’s reign were confirmed by power. The point: instruction runs parallel to authority (Mark 1:22, 27: Luke: 4:36).
The previous duality is transformed: The Two Cities (Babylon/Jerusalem) were indicative of Israel’s alienation. They were soon to be replaced by the Two Eras (93). Israel previously owed its existence (30-49) through Yahweh’s victories, Judgments, and gift of Land. This is transformed in Jesus’s ministry
- Works of Power; demonstration of God’s rule. Their function was to draw attention to his preaching.
- Jesus proclaimed the coming judgment of Israel: Matt 8:11; this judgment creates new situations and new conditions.
- Jesus, Israel, and the Law:
- Sabbath: The law is reinterpreted so man could fully realize God’s welfare for him.
- Disciples: Forming a new community. Authority has been refashioned on how God models his own authority.
- Fulfilling the law: Law is treated as a kind of promise. It anticipates a righteousness for which the faithful hungered.